COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT)
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT)?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a psycho-social therapy that combines two distinct therapeutic approaches(COGNITIVE THERAPY & BEHAVIORAL THERAPY) for it’s effective treatment of different kinds of mental disorders, especially DEPRESSION and ANXIETY disorders.
What then is cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy???
Cognitive therapy: This is a gradual therapy or practices to enhance one’s cognition/thoughts( either by restructuring or learning new believes )
Behavioral therapy: This is a kind of therapy that aims to transform a person’s unhealthy habit and behavior pattern.
In general however, COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY is a psycho – Social intervention that aims to reduce symptoms of various mental health conditions, primarily DEPRESSION(general depressive disorder).
As stated above, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is formed by the combination of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy to make more effective it’s techniques in rendering Super effective therapy to many mental disorders.
TYPES OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
- Dialectical behavioural therapy: this is a type of CBT that aims to teach patients how to live in the moment, develop healthy ways to cope with stress, regulate their emotions, and improve their relationships with others. DBT is often a restructuring kind of therapy where the therapist aims at changing or replacing patients MALADAPTIVE through a simple yet powerful technique known as RE-CONCEPTUALIZATION.
2. Acceptance and commitment therapy: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of CBT that emphasizes acceptance as a way to deal with negative thoughts, feelings, symptoms, or circumstances. It also encourages increased commitment to healthy, constructive activities that uphold your values or goals. However, ACT in general encourages patients to embrace their thoughts and feelings rather than fighting or feeling guilty for them. It may seem confusing at first, but ACT paired with MINDFULNESS-BASED THERAPY offers clinically effective treatment.
GOAL OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
The goal of CBT is not to diagnose a person with a particular disease, but to look at a person as a whole and decide what can be altered or built through either DBT, ACT or both.
HOW COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY WORKS(effectiveness)
CBT is a “PROBLEM-FOCUSED” & ACTION-ORIENTED therapy, meaning it is used to treat specific problems related to a DIAGNOSED MENTAL DISORDER. The diagram below explains how CBT is most effective in treating various mental health conditions, primarily DEPRESSION.
The CBT diagram above illustrates how one’s thoughts influence their overall behavior and vice versa. This is based on the believe that thought distortions and MALADAPTIVE behavior play a role in the development and maintenance of many psychological disorders, and that symptoms and associated distress can be reduced by teaching NEW INFORMATION PROCESSING SKILLS & COPING SKILLS (i.e reconceptualization).
The triangle in the middle represents CBT tenet that all human’s core beliefs can be summed up in three categories: self, others, future.
CBT THERAPEUTIC SKILL
Mainstream CBT helps individuals replace MALADAPTIVE… Coping skills, cognitions, emotions and behaviors with more adaptive or healthy ones.
Since change in MALADAPTIVE thinking leads to change in behavior, the therapist’s major role is to assist the client in FINDING and PRACTICING effective STRATEGIES to address IDENTIFIED GOALS and alleviate symptoms of disorder. We do this by challenging individuals way of thinking and the way they react to certain habits, behaviors and situations or circumstances through a simple process as shown below:
1. psychological assessment
– identify critical behaviors
– determine whether critical behaviors is in excess or deficit
– evaluate critical behaviors for frequency, duration, intensity (obtaining a baseline)
– if excess, attempt to decrease frequency, duration, or intensity of behaviors, if deficit, attempt to increase behaviors.
2. Reconceptualization: this make up the cognitive portion of CBT( application of therapeutic tools and skills of cognitive restructuring, in vivo exposure or even imaginal exposure)
3. Skills acquisition(relapse prevention)
4. Skills reconsolidation and application training
5. Generalization and maintenance(conclusion on effectiveness of therapy)
6. Post-treatment assessment follow up(companionship)
While cognitive behavioral therapy is a simple technique, such work wonders. The human mind is ever suggestible, and while that’s often a bad thing, the power of PERSUASION can be used to show people their own agency, help them beat negative thinking, and give them tools for breaking out of negativity, anxiety, depression and other unhelpful patterns of thought.
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